The exact cause of PCOS is not really clear or known. What is however known is that many women with PCOS tend to have a high amount of androgens (male sex hormones), which generally should be present in small quantities. They also experience what is known as insulin resistance; the body doesn’t use insulin well. Then insulin levels may build up in the body, which then results in higher androgen (male hormone) levels.
A cyst is a fluid-filled sac. Not every woman that has PCOS will have cysts.
PCOS is the most common cause of anovulation. Inositol has been shown to help induce ovulation and regular menstrual cycles. Anovulation is described as the absence of ovulation, that is, when the ovaries do not release an egg (oocyte) during the menstrual cycle. Anovulation means that ovulation does not take place. This results in periods becoming irregular or even absent. When a woman is not ovulating, she cannot get pregnant because there is no egg released, for the sperm to fertilize.
PCOS cannot be cured, but the symptoms can be managed. Some symptoms of PCOS include irregular periods, no periods at all, excess body hair on the face, chest, back, weight gain, oily skin, ovaries with many cysts.